'Lady Banks White'

(Pronounced: LAD-ee BAN-ks WHITE)

ALSO KNOWN AS:

'Lady Banks White' , R. banksiae alba , R. banksiae alba-plena , R. banksiae banksiae , 'White Banksia' , 'White Lady Banks' Rose'

'Lady Banks White'

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The White Lady Banks is a once-blooming vigorous climber with distinctive clusters of white flowers and dark green elongated lancelot foliage. Unlike the Yellow Lady Banks rose, the White Lady Banks has both thorns and fragrance.

 

'Lady Banks White'

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The blooms are small, fragrant, and double. They occur in huge trusses that cover the plant in the late spring.

 

'Lady Banks White'

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Allow plenty of room if you want to grow a Lady Banks rose, and

 

'Lady Banks White'

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Include it in your will for some lucky heir, because it will outlive you, and possibly your children, and possibly your grandchildren and .....(well you get the point).

 

 
GENERAL
INFORMATION:

'Lady Banks White' (also known as (R. banksiae banksiae, R. banksiae alba, R. banksiae alba-plena, 'White Banksia', and 'White Lady Banks' Rose') is one of the great classic roses.

It is the double white form of Rosa Banksiae Lutea(also known as the Yellow Lady Banks). It is slightly less hardy than the Yellow Lady Banks rose but, unlike the Yellow Lady Banks, it has a moderate fragrance.

 
BOTANICAL
GROUP:

Banksianae

 
GROUP:

OGR

 
CLASS:

Sp

 
SEED
PARENT:

 

POLLEN
PARENT:

 

BREEDER:

 

INTRODUCED:

The 'Lady Banks White' was brought from China by William Kerr, who discovered it in a Canton garden and brought it to England on behalf of the Royal Society. The rose was named for Lady Banks, the wife of the Director of the Kew Gardens.  

DATE:

1803 [ England ]  

PLANT SIZE
AND FORM:

Height:    12 '     to    20 '           Width:    8 '     to    12 '



The White Lady Banks rose is a vigorous climber that will happily climb to the top of any nearby supporting structure, such as a handy tree, fence, or arbor. The plant can occasionally have some thorns.  

FOLIAGE
DESCRIPTION:

The abundant evergreen foliage is small, lanceolate, and dark green in color. The leaves are very narrow in relation to their length, and always sharp pointed, which seems to be the standard for china rose heritage.

 
FOLIAGE
FRAGRANCE:

None.  

BLOOM
FREQUENCY:

O - Once. Late Spring.

 
BLOOM
DESCRIPTION:
Flower Size:    .25"      to      .25"           Cluster Size:    5      to      10           Petal Count:    40 to 50          

The blooms of the White Lady Banks rose are small (approximately 1 "e;), cupped, and very double. They grow in clusters that cover the entire plant during the spring bloom period.

 
BLOOM
COLOR:

w. Pure white.

 
COLOR VARIATION:

None.  

FRAGRANCE:

VF - Very strong fragrance, reminiscent of violets.

 
HIPS:

None Observed.

 
CLIMATE:

Zones 8 - 9  

CULTURE:

The White Lady Banks rose is not cold hardy. It will be affected to somewhat by temperatures below 15 degrees Fahrenheit. In order to thrive, this rose needs a sheltered sunny location.

It will grow satisfactorily under a wide variety of conditions. It is tolerant of poor soils and is unpalatable to deer. The ground around the base should be kept free of competing vegetation by mulching.

 
PROPAGATION:

The White Lady Banks rose is readily propagated from cuttings and because it is a species rose, the seeds will produce true specimens.

 
OTHER
CHARACTERISTICS:


    ** Requires sunny location to thrive
    ** Suitable for growing in greenhouses
    ** Availability is limited

The long graceful arching canes reach and grow into any adjacent means of support. This rose is generally much too large for a small garden, but it will provide spectacular spring displays when allowed to cover an outlying tree or building.

The White Lady Banks rose holds the records among living roses for both sheer biomass and longevity.

 
ANECDOTAL
INFORMATION:

The same general description applies to all four forms of the Banksiae roses. They are natives of Western China and really only differ from each other in the flowers. This species has the double white clusters which are strongly violet-scented.

A vigorous evergreen plant reaching 10 metres or more in height and practically thornless. The blooms occur on the second and third year wood, so dead wood and older growth should be pruned out as required.

The White Lady Banks rose is so free of diseases and insect damage as to be nearly "disease-proof". It can conceivably get some mildew if the plant is subject to tree sap or the like, but the mildew will not survive long on the rose itself.

The White Lady Banks rose holds the records among living roses for both sheer biomass and longevity. The largest and oldest known rose specimen in the United States is the Tombstone Rose in Tombstone, Arizona.

It is reported that a young Scottish bride named Mary Gee planted a White Lady Banks rose not long after her arrival in 1855 in the mining camp of Tombstone, Arizona. The Tombstone White Lady Banks rose is still flourishing today.

That rose has grown to cover a supporting arbor that is some 8,000 square feet in size, and it has become one of the greatest tourist attractions of that city.

 
REFERENCES:

American Rose Society. Modern Roses 10. Shreveport, Louisiana: American Rose Society. 1993, p. 503.

American Rose Society. Modern Roses XI. Shreveport, Louisiana: American Rose Society. 2000, p. 479.

Antique Rose Emporium. The Antique Rose Emporium 1988 Catalog. Independence, Texas: Antique Rose Emporium. 1988, p. 81.

Beales, Peter. Classic Roses. New York: Henry Holt & Company. 1997, p. 109.

Druitt, Liz. The Organic Rose Garden. Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing Company. 1996, pp. 46, 103, 143-144.